conserve water (16)

22 Mar 2017

Water Use and Treatment in Container-Grown Specialty Crop Production: A Review

Majsztrik, J.C., White, S.A., Hitchcock, D.R., (Clemson University), Fernandez, T.R. (Michigan State University, Fisher P.R. (University of Florida), Lea-Cox, J. (University of Maryland), Owen, J.S.Jr. (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University) , Oki, L.R. (University of California Davis)

Water quality and water quantity are major concerns for growers around the world.  There are number of factors that can impact irrigation water for plant production including policy, changing weather patterns, aquifer depletion, and saltwater intrusion.  This article discusses a number of aspects of water use, capture, remediation, and reuse for specialty crop production.  Various techniques and equipment for the removal of sediment, pathogens, agrichemicals and other contaminants are discussed.  Remediation technologies reviewed include filtration (for example: rapid sand, slow sand, membranes, and filter socks), activated carbon, disinfection (chlorine, ozonation, UV), and biological control (constructed wetlands, vegetated buffers, bioreactors).

See the article in the link bellow.

21 Mar 2017

The Cost of Filtration

Raudales, R. (University of Connecticut), Fisher, P. (University of Florida), Hall, C.(Texas A&M University)

Filtration is an important step in capture and re-use of irrigation water.  This article presents filtration systems, the initial cost, and the cost to treat 1,000 gallons of water.  Filtration is the first article in the three-part series of water management in GPN magazine. 

The Cost of Filtration (1) can be found in the link bellow.

6 Feb 2017

Elimination of Tobacco Mosaic Virus From Irrigation Runoff Using Slow Sand Filtration

Oki, L.R., Lee, E., Pitton, B., Nackley, L.,(University of California (UC) Davis), Bodaghi, S., Mathews, D.M. (UC Riverside), Haver, D. (UC South Coast Research and Extension Center)

Slow sand filters have been shown to remove pythiacious organisms from captured runoff water.  In this study, Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) was regularly added to irrigation runoff water.  The virus passed through the sand filters for approximately 5 weeks, but gradually reduced to undetectable virus titer using ELISA during week 6 to 9.  This is the first report that showed slow sand filters removed TMV from runoff water.

See the article in the link below

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Description of research activities

A national team of scientists is working to encourage use of alternative water resources by the nation’s billion-dollar nursery and floriculture industry has been awarded funds for the first year of an $8.7 million, five year US Department of Agriculture – National Institute of Food and Agriculture –Specialty Crop Research Initiative competitive grant.

The team will develop and apply systems-based solutions to assist grower decision making by providing science-based information to increase use of recycled water.  This award from the NIFA’s Specialty Crop Research Initiative is managed by Project Director Sarah White of Clemson University.  She leads a group of 21 scientists from nine U.S. institutions.

Entitled “Clean WateR3 - Reduce, Remediate, Recycle – Enhancing Alternative Water Resources Availability and Use to Increase Profitability in Specialty Crops”, the Clean WateR3 team will assist the grower decision-making process by providing science-based information on nutrient, pathogen, and pesticide fate in recycled water both before and after treatment, average cost and return-on investment of technologies examined, and model-derived, site specific recommendations for water management.  The trans-disciplinary Clean WateR3 team will develop these systems-based solutions by integrating sociological, economic, modeling, and biological data into a user-friendly decision-support system intended to inform and direct our stakeholders’ water management decision-making process.

The Clean WateR3 grant team is working with a stakeholder group of greenhouse and nursery growers throughout the United States.

For example, at the University of Florida graduate student George Grant is collecting data on removal of paclobutrazol, a highly persistent plant growth regulator chemical, from recirculated water using granular activated carbon (GAC) filters. This is being done in both research greenhouses and in a commercial site. The GAC filters can remove more than 90% of chemical residues, and are proving to be a cost-effective treatment method.